Varieties of Gallica are usually quite compact, their foliage is quite coarse and flowers are semi-double or double, but one of their most endearing features is their almost complete lack of thorns. They are easy to grow and will thrive in some of the poorest soils. They are very hardy and form a suckering shrub growing to around 1.5m, with a single showing of strongly scented flowers in a colour range from red through maroon to purple. The very first garden roses with origins in the region of Turkey to southern Europe - and recorded since ancient times, Gallicas have collected several other common names on their way, including: 'The apothecary's Rose', 'The French Rose' and 'Rose of Provins'. The 'Apothecary's Rose' (R. gallica varieties officinalis) was grown in the Middle Ages in monastic herbaria for its alleged medicinal properties, and became famous in English history as the Red Rose of Lancaster. (Varieties include: 'Cardinal Richelieu', and 'Rosa Mundi').
For planting advice, see Planting Containerised Roses - RV Roger Ltd
For pruning advice, see A Guide to Pruning Roses - RV Roger Ltd
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